Overview of the development of the hottest global

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Overview of the development of the global packaging industry III

IV. metal packaging industry

1. Market situation

the market composition of metal packaging is: 36% of food cans, 27% of beverage cans, and the rest are general shape cans, spray cans, bottle caps, etc. Food cans have not grown in recent years, and beverage cans have also been impacted by PET bottles. The consumption of aluminum foil decreased from 520000 tons in the early 1990s to 400000 tons in 1995. In Britain and Germany, high-end beer is mostly canned and easy to transport. In 1996, its market share was 26%. In the packaging market of the United States, metal packaging containers occupy an important position. Before 1990, metal containers accounted for about 66.7% of packaging containers, and the proportion fell to 60% in 1992. Among them, aluminum cans accounted for 73.2% of metal cans, and rose to 73.5% in 1993

2. Output of major countries

the output of metal cans in the United States is very large, from 130billion in 1992 to 134.5 billion in 1993. In 1990, there were more than 90 billion aluminum cans, including 38.4 billion beer cans and 60.3 billion beverage cans. The average person in the United States drinks nearly 400 cans of beer and soft drinks a year, the output of food cans is more than 4billion, and the output of two pieces of tin cans is on the rise. It was 6.7 billion in 1991, increased to 7.3 billion in 1992, and increased to 8.1 billion in 1993, with an average annual growth rate of 10%, while three piece cans showed an annual downward trend of encouraging enterprises to use new materials one by one

the sales of metal canned beverages in Japan has been on the rise, which is inseparable from the smooth development of automatic vending machine retail industry. From 1985 to 1994, the production of tin cans in Japan increased from 1.12 million tons to 1.48 million tons, an increase of 32%. The output of aluminum cans increased from 60000 tons to 248000 tons, an increase of more than three times

the metal packaging industry in South Korea accounts for 13% of the total output value of the packaging industry, amounting to $867million. Due to the economic downturn in 1997, the industry declined and began to recover after 1993. In 1994, the output was 5.5 billion, an increase of 30% over the previous year, of which iron cans accounted for 78.5% and aluminum cans accounted for 21.5%. South Korea has 60 can factories (including military factories), of which only 14 have annual sales of more than $13million. Among these 14 factories, 9 Obama said, "we have the most dynamic economy in the world to produce food and beverage cans.

the British can industry is the country with the largest sales volume in Europe, and beverage cans and spray cans are its main products. The output in 1995 was 8.9 billion, with a growth rate of 7.8% compared with the previous year. In developed countries, the use of tin cans is more common. The United States used tin cans (beverage and food cans) in 1992." 34billion, compared with 40billion in 1995. In Japan, 21.8 billion tin cans were used for beverages in 1995, accounting for 88% of the total tin cans, and 36.4 billion metal cans. There are about 24billion aluminum cans, accounting for 40%

environmental protection and recycling

compared with other pollution sources, packaging has the following particularity: it is widely used; High visibility to environmental pollution; Packaging is usually only one-time consumption; Packaging products, especially plastic chemical composite products, are not easy to recycle and decompose after being discarded; The consumption of resources and energy is more serious than the accumulated 26 berths; There are too many and excessive packaging. The environmental problems related to packaging can be summarized as: consumption of natural resources, waste management and waste recycling

with the development of society, people's awareness of environmental protection is becoming stronger and stronger. Resisting the impact of packaging waste on the environment has become a hot topic of public opinion, and many countries have formulated relevant laws and regulations. For example, the regulations on packaging and packaging waste stipulate that by the middle of 2001, the recycling rate should reach 50% - 60% of the total recycling amount of all packaging waste. In order to ensure the recycling of packaging waste, EU member states require the industrial sector to take a series of measures, such as commitment to recycling, deposit system, financial measures and other economic means, so that it can make its due contribution to recycling and utilization

at present, many countries have established relevant organizations, formulated relevant laws, established an effective recycling system, and actively developed technically feasible and economically reasonable recycling equipment and products to increase the recycling of waste plastics year by year. For example, the United States has formulated a long-term plan for the recycling of waste plastics, which has accelerated the recycling process in recent years. In 1990, 230000 tons of recycled plastic products were recycled, and it is planned to reach more than 1.3 million tons by the end of this century. For example, California law requires that non food packaging materials contain 25% recycled materials. The European community plans to recover 90% in 2005, 75% in France and 100% in the Netherlands. According to the British Department of PET packaging, resin and recycling (PCI), about 40000 tons of PET bottles were recycled in Asia and the Pacific in 1995, and it is estimated that 120000 tons could be recycled in 2000. Valoprast plastic recycling company in Paris, France, expects that the number of collection and reprocessing will increase by three times to 60000 tons by 2000

Japan's mandatory packaging material recycling act is mainly aimed at the recycling of plastic packaging, because the recycling rate of other materials such as metal cans and glass bottles has reached a considerable level. The act stipulates that the recycling rate of plastic packaging materials is 30%. The cost of collecting waste plastics will be borne by the local government, while the cost of recycling will be borne by the companies using packaging. In the "basic environmental plan" in 1994, the city, town and village classified collection of packaging container waste was studied, and the government encouraged local governments and relevant departments to recycle plastic bottles. According to Japanese official reports, the capacity of local departments to recycle pet in 1997 was about 38million pounds, and about 490000 tons of transparent, brown and colored glass

among the 17 countries in Europe, 11 countries have glass bottle recycling of more than 50%, accounting for 2/3. Compared with the statistical data of 1994, the number of recycled glass bottles in almost all countries has increased significantly, with a growth rate of about 10%. Only Britain and Italy remain at the original level. The average recovery rate in Europe is expected to reach 80% in the next five years. From 1990 to 1995, the recycling rate of tin cans in the United States increased from 24.6% to 55.9%. Aluminum cans decreased from 63.6% to 62.2%. The recovery rate of Japanese tin cans 199gb/t 3103.1 ⑵ 002 fastener tolerance bolts, screws, studs and nuts was 44.8% in 0 years, 50.15% in 1991, and 73.68% in 1995. The recovery and utilization reached 1.05 million tons. The recycling rate of aluminum cans in Japan has increased from 42.6% in 1990 to 65.7% in 1995

the German International Plastics Research Institute has conducted a comparative study on EPS recovery and paperboard recovery. The recovery rates of EPS and paperboard in Germany are 40% and 50% respectively. If the recycling target set for the two materials is 64%, the research results show that recycling EPS has less environmental pollution than recycling cartons. From the perspective of fuel consumption during transportation (from the packaging department to retailers and end users), it is estimated that 91000 liters of fuel oil are required to transport 35000 tons of EPS packaging every year, while 546000 liters of fuel oil are required to transport cartons or cardboard every year. Research shows that if all plastic packaging is cancelled, the 14million tons of plastic materials used to package food in the world will need to be replaced by 55million tons of other materials. Producing the same amount of paper packaging and plastic packaging bags, their pollution to the environment is much more serious than plastic. Paper emits twice as much sulfur dioxide as plastic, 0.5 times more nitrogen oxide, 2 times more carbon monoxide, 5.5 times more dust and 50 times more waste water. Therefore, plastic packaging materials will continue to be used. According to the survey data, if plastic is excluded from the packaging field, the packaging cost will increase by 212%, the weight of packaging materials will increase by 404%, and the volume of production waste will increase by 201%

development forecast

it is predicted that the world consumption of packaging materials will reach 247 million tons by 2000. Among them, the consumption rate of paper and paperboard is the highest, while the growth rate of plastic is the highest. The importance of the future packaging industry is not only to reduce costs and improve productivity, but also directly affect the added value and sales of products. Reducing packaging weight and raw material consumption is one aspect of the competition in the packaging industry in the future. Plastic, as a packaging material, surpasses glass, metal and paperboard, and is one of the important factors for the development of the packaging industry

the packaging industry will face the following work:

1. Further promote reuse

2. Specification of packaging composition (European standard)

3. Sign commitment

4. Provide production and consumption dates

5. Promote lightweight

6. Reduce the content of harmful substances

in general, the world packaging industry has undergone great changes in the past 20 years, especially the plastic packaging industry, which has experienced a high-speed growth stage in terms of material varieties, process technology and equipment improvement, and has further penetrated into industrial and agricultural, commercial, civil and high-tech fields. Facing the 21st century, the development prospect of packaging industry will be broader

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