Made in China 2025, Miao Wei, Minister of industry

2022-08-24
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Miao Wei, Minister of "made in China 2025" industry and information technology, addressed the issue of industrial power

China Construction machinery information

during the two sessions this year, Premier Li Keqiang proposed for the first time in the government work report to formulate the planning outline of "made in China 2025". On March 6, Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology, disclosed the details of the formulation of the planning outline for the first time. He stressed that "this is a major event in the development of China's manufacturing industry"

Miao Wei pointed out that on the basis of more than 150 experts from the Chinese Academy of Engineering spent a year and a half on strategic demonstration, the Ministry of industry and information technology spent more than a year formulating the "made in China 2025" planning outline. It will take China about three decades to complete the transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. According to the three-step strategy, "made in China 2025" is the action program for the first decade of the "three-step plan". China should strive to enter the second square of the global manufacturing industry through the efforts of this decade, so as to lay a good foundation for the next two steps

Q: data shows that China's PPI has fallen for more than 30 consecutive months, and PMI is also below the boom and bust line. What kind of situation is China's manufacturing industry facing and how to deal with it

Miao Wei: indeed, as you said, from March 2012 to January this year, China's industrial producer price index (PPI) has declined for 35 consecutive months, which is rare in history. For example, last year, China's PPI fell by 1.9%, of which the price of means of production fell by 2.5%, and the price of means of living remained flat year-on-year

there are three reasons for this. First, the prices of upstream energy, raw materials and ores fell; Second, the international import price fell, such as the price of coal and crude oil fluctuated sharply, and light industrial products such as cotton fell from the highest 19000 yuan/ton to 13500 yuan/ton, a considerable range; Third, China has overcapacity. These problems come from the adjustment of China's economic structure, the adjustment of economic growth and the digestion of early stimulus policies, which are the result of the superposition of three periods

to solve this problem, we should start from four aspects: first, we should unswervingly adjust the industrial structure, which has long been dominated by heavy chemical industry and a large number of exports of basic raw materials. After the international financial crisis, great changes have taken place in the international market, so we need to adjust the industrial structure and develop to the high end of the industrial value chain. Second, we should unswervingly implement the innovation driven development strategy, firmly establish that enterprises are the main body of technological innovation, establish an innovation system with enterprises as the main body and the combination of production, study, research and application, encourage enterprises to increase R & D investment, increase the technical content of products, improve added value, and increase support for technological transformation at the same time. Third, we should reduce the serious overcapacity in some industries according to the requirements of the central government, and better solve the problem of overcapacity within a certain period of time, including suspending the approval of new production capacity in steel, electrolytic aluminum, cement, flat glass, etc., and the construction in progress should also be suspended or postponed, so as to digest the excess capacity for a period of time. Fourth, the Ministry of industry and information technology has been focusing on the elimination of some backward production capacity, which has also achieved good results. Through these measures, we will improve the quality and efficiency of industrial development, transform the industrial structure, and lay a good foundation for a new round of development of these industries and enterprises

Q: the government work report this year proposed a 7% GDP growth target, which should be a test for Industry and a not low target

Miao Wei: before the 1990s, under the planned economy or shortage economy, as long as we can produce, we basically had no worries about sales. Since this century, the massive export of industrial products has brought new demands for economic development. In the new round of development, this situation has changed a lot. Therefore, we must seriously adjust the industrial structure, and then rely on the development model that consumed a lot of resources and energy in the past and brought a lot of negative environmental impact can no longer be sustainable

Q: just now we talked about some pressures facing industry. From a regional perspective, enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta are now facing the pressure of rising labor costs, shrinking markets, and industrial transformation. As China's old industrial base, enterprises in the three eastern provinces are also making large-scale losses, and the central and western regions, as places to undertake industrial transfer, are also facing many problems. What kind of problems does made in China face? How will the Ministry of industry and information technology solve it

Miao Wei: these problems have always existed in our development. For example, the positioning of regional industrial development is not clear enough, the regional industrial structure converges, and there is no interconnected main functional area. In addition, various regions are basically in the relationship of competition rather than competition and cooperation in the development. As the economic growth rate declines, the question of whether it will be safe to use it becomes more and more prominent

to solve this problem, we need to take comprehensive measures in a multi pronged manner. First, implement the regional coordinated development strategy and promote the implementation of the planning of the main functional areas. Which areas are suitable for development? Which regions restrict development? Which areas are strictly prohibited from development? In the past, there was a plan for the main functional area, which should be implemented. The second is to establish the relationship of coordinated development between regions. Especially since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee has put forward three regional development strategies: "the the Belt and Road", the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the development strategy of the Yangtze River economic belt. We should implement the strategic plan for the coordinated development of the three regions. Third, promote the orderly transfer of industries. Affected by land, resources, environmental capacity, rising labor costs and other factors, some industries in coastal areas have proposed to move to areas with lower costs and more favorable for enterprise development, and some have begun to take action. We want to promote the orderly transfer of industries to the central and western regions by implementing the plan for the coordinated development of the three regions. Fourth, we should establish an environment for enterprises to gather and develop. In the early stage, we have approved the establishment of many new industrialization demonstration bases in all provinces. On this basis, industrial parks will be established to promote the coordinated development between the eastern region, the central and western regions, and the northeast region, including Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. Through this measure, the regional development will be more coordinated, and each regional development will also have its own industrial positioning and highlight its own characteristics and advantages

Q: maybe this needs to highlight the overall layout

Miao Wei: This requires the overall layout and we need to create a good environment. For example, the flow of some factors should be smoother, and some problems in GDP accounting and tax payment in two places caused by cross regional development, mergers and acquisitions of enterprises should be solved, so as to create a better environment for enterprise development

Q: we have noticed that in this year's government work report, the "made in China 2025" development plan was put forward. Is it the overall plan and roadmap for the future of China's manufacturing industry? What is the basic idea? What are the differences with German industry 4.0

Miao Wei: in the government work report of the premier of the two sessions this year, it is proposed to formulate the "made in China 2025" planning outline. This is a major event in the development of China's manufacturing industry. In the process of coping with the international financial crisis, in 2010, China became the world's largest manufacturing country, which is also after 150 years in history, we regained the position of the largest manufacturing country. We are a large manufacturing country, but we are not a strong manufacturing country. We do not have a large number of internationally competitive backbone enterprises. There are still a number of major technologies and equipment to be broken through in industrial development. In addition, we should also have some important products to occupy a place in the international market. These aspects show that we still need to transform, work hard and struggle from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country

according to this idea, on the basis of more than 150 experts from the Chinese Academy of Engineering spent a year and a half on strategic demonstration, we spent more than a year formulating the "made in China 2025" planning outline. It will take China about three decades to complete the transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. We put forward a three-step strategy. "Made in China 2025" is a three-step action plan for the first decade. It is also a road map and has its timetable

after the approval and release of the State Council, we will also organize the industrial industry to seriously publicize and implement this outline. The main contents of this outline are as follows: first, it emphasizes innovation driven, second, quality first, third, green development, fourth, structural optimization, and fifth, talent oriented. By implementing the outline of the plan, we have laid a good foundation for the next two steps. Through these ten years' efforts, we can enter the second square of the global manufacturing industry

"made in China 2025" has many similarities and differences with German industry 4.0. The level of industrial development in China and Germany is not at the same starting point or level. From what we know, it will take 8-10 years for Germany to achieve industrial 4.0. It is not that Germany has achieved industrial 4.0 now. It is roughly the same time period as our "made in China 2025" in terms of time. In terms of content, German industry 4.0 is similar to the deep integration of industrialization and informatization we proposed earlier. I saw a very intuitive scene introducing German industry 4.0: industry 3.0 is the digitization and intellectualization of machinery and equipment. The picture shows a robot grabbing a cargo from the shelf and loading it into a truck; Industry 4.0 still uses this picture, but it draws a small arc on shelves, robots and cars, which shows that these three are connected with each other through wireless, broadband, mobile and ubiquitous networks. This intuitively shows that in the future, intelligent devices and products can be connected through wired and wireless communication, which is often referred to as the concept of IOT or industrial interconnection

if there is any difference, it is our development stage and level. Germany is generally in the stage of development from 3.0 to 4.0. Some of our industrial enterprises may have to take the course of development from 2.0 to 3.0 before they can develop to 4.0. We should choose a better and faster development path in combination with China's national conditions and the reality of China's industrial enterprises

Q: is intelligent manufacturing a core part of the 4.0 version of Chinese industry? What is the development level of Intelligent Manufacturing in China? What measures will the MIIT take to promote the development of intelligent manufacturing

Miao Wei: since last year, we have been studying the connotation of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform in the world. Although all aspects of understanding are not completely consistent, opinions vary, each has its own point of view, but there are similarities in differences. The common point is that the promotion and popularization of wired, especially wireless, mobile, broadband and ubiquitous networks, has brought a new round of development opportunities. Internet can change the way of human life and industrial production, and provide many new services, new formats and new development models. Moreover, the technology of interconnection has not come to an end yet, and its applications are changing with each passing day. Therefore, the changes brought by interconnection need

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