Made in China 2025 in the context of the latest in

2022-08-16
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"Made in China 2025" in the context of the new industrial revolution

with the maturity of mobile Internet, IOT, cloud computing and big data technology, the production and manufacturing field will have advanced capabilities to collect, transmit and process big data, so that the manufacturing industry can form industrial interconnection and drive the subversion and reconstruction of traditional manufacturing industry. A new round of industrial revolution has hit us. Great changes are taking place in the manufacturing industry. Whether it is industrial interconnection in the United States or industrial 4.0 in Germany; Whether it is the role of manufacturing participants, manufacturing concepts, models, or driving forces, there are subversion and reconstruction

the three pressures of manufacturing

environmental pollution, ecological destruction, and the increasing lack of resources and energy have become serious challenges facing human society. Solving these global social problems and achieving sustainable development have become the consensus of mankind. The sources of haze, whether power generation, automobiles, steel, cement, are closely related to industry. Energy conservation and emission reduction, green and low-carbon, and the elimination of backward production capacity have become hot words in today's society. Therefore, many countries have higher requirements for industrial energy conservation and emission reduction. German industry 4.0 and American industrial interconnection have the same vision, that is, industrial energy conservation, emission reduction and comprehensive utilization. In the 20th century, mass production mode occupied a dominant position in the field of global manufacturing. It has greatly promoted the rapid development of the global economy and brought the whole society into a new stage. However, its performance depends on the operation ability of computer servo system. With the increasing development of the world economy and the increasingly fierce market competition, consumers' consumption views and values are more and more diversified and personalized. Subsequently, the uncertainty of market demand is becoming more and more obvious, and the mode of mass production can no longer adapt to this rapidly changing market environment. The past 30 years have witnessed the fastest development of globalization. Developed countries have transferred a large number of labor-intensive industries to developing countries with relatively low labor and raw material costs through industrial transfer. For a large number of labor-intensive industries, labor costs and raw material costs are important management elements of production. The rise in labor costs and raw material costs also objectively poses great pressure on the future manufacturing industry. In addition, due to the relative shortage of resources, increased environmental pressure, increased overcapacity and other external environmental impacts, the traditional industrial economy driven by energy conversion tools will be difficult to maintain. The development mode of traditional industrialization has lost its competitiveness

the arrival of a new round of industrial revolution

since the 21st century, the manufacturing industry is facing opportunities and challenges brought by the adjustment of the global industrial structure. Especially after the 2008 financial crisis, major developed countries began to pay more attention to manufacturing in order to find a new way to promote economic growth. The European Union as a whole began to increase support for scientific and technological innovation in manufacturing. The national science and Technology Commission of the United States officially released the national strategic plan for advanced manufacturing in February 2012; The German government launched the German industry 4.0 strategy in April 2013

the United States and Germany are major manufacturing countries and have absolute advantages in advanced manufacturing. In the new industrial era, the United States launched the manufacturing return strategy and Germany launched the industry 4.0 strategy. It can be said that the two countries are competing for strength in the manufacturing industry, but the purpose is to seize the dominance of the future manufacturing industry. With the strong promotion of the return of American manufacturing industry and the rise of domestic labor, land and other costs in China, it is difficult for China's manufacturing industry to rely on the traditional comparative cost advantage to participate in international competition. Accelerating the development process of manufacturing intelligence and cultivating and developing new advantages are major strategic choices to take the initiative in the new round of international industrial competition and promote industrial transformation and upgrading. Therefore, under the complex background of intensified international manufacturing competition, the disappearance of traditional comparative advantages and the brewing of a new round of industrial revolution, China's manufacturing industry is facing severe challenges and major opportunities. In the face of opportunities and challenges, the only choice is to build a manufacturing power, seize the current rare strategic opportunities, actively respond to challenges, strengthen overall planning, transform and upgrade from manufacturing to intelligent manufacturing, and complete the strategic task of making China from big to strong

made in China 2025 industry 4.0

since Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited Germany in October 2014 and signed the China Germany cooperation action plan, the concept of industry 4.0 has rapidly become popular in China. For a time, the strategic position of industry 4.0 and intelligent manufacturing has rapidly improved. It can be said that made in China 2025 is indeed affected by German industry 4.0 to a certain extent, and the core idea is also similar to industry 4.0. For example, made in China 2025 emphasizes intelligent manufacturing, which is also the core idea of industry 4.0; In addition, the Information Physics 17 deformation measurement range 0.2% ⑴ 00% FN system (CPS) mentioned in made in China 2025 as the basis of intelligent manufacturing is also the core concept emphasized in German industry 4.0

coincidentally with industry 4.0, for the transformation and upgrading of domestic industry, the Ministry of industry and information technology began planning a made in China 2025 for manufacturing development in the next 10 years as early as threeorfour years ago. Today, this plan will draw inspiration from German industry 4.0, learn from German intelligent manufacturing, and draw a clear road map for China's road to becoming a modern industrial power. Industry 4.0 is a process of development. Made in China 2025 has also weakened the five-year limit in the previous plan. The planning period has been extended to 2025, paying more attention to medium and long-term planning, mainly focusing on the areas to be strengthened in China's industry, and striving to transform China from an industrial power to an industrial power in 2025. In the past, China's manufacturing technology content was not high, and it has been at the low end of the international industrial value chain. With the active promotion of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the deep integration of industry and information technology has effectively laid a solid foundation for the networking and intelligent development of the manufacturing industry. There is no doubt that in the era of industry 4.0, the new round of industrial revolution will drive the deep integration of industrialization and industrialization more rapidly. The full embedding of information technology into the manufacturing industry will break the traditional production process, production mode and management mode. The deep integration of manufacturing process and business management system will realize the highly flexible configuration of production factors and mass customization production. This will effectively promote the traditional manufacturing industry to accelerate the pace of transformation and upgrading. In terms of objectives, German industry 4.0 is mainly expected to continue to lead the global manufacturing industry, maintain the global competitiveness of German manufacturing industry, and resist the annexation of manufacturing industry by American Internet giants. At the national two sessions in March 2015, Minister Miao Wei of the Ministry of industry and information technology publicly disclosed the formulation of made in China 2025 for the first time, saying that it will take about three 10 years to complete China's transformation from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country, and put forward a three-step strategy. Made in China 2025 is a three-step action plan for the first decade. It is a road map with a specific timetable. Through the implementation of made in China 2025 and 10 years of efforts, make made in China enter the second square of the global manufacturing industry. From the perspective of the timetable, the German industry 4.0 strategic working group also believes that it will take 10 years for Germany to achieve industry 4.0, which is roughly the same time period as our made in China 2025

made in China 2025 Internet + industry

developed industrial countries have put forward their own visions for the future manufacturing industry. The United States makes use of its Internet advantages to let the Internet annex the manufacturing industry; Based on the foundation of manufacturing, Germany makes manufacturing interconnected. On March 25th, 2015, Premier Li Keqiang pointed out at the executive meeting of the State Council that China is in the process of accelerating industrialization, and manufacturing is an important pillar and foundation of the national economy. Made in China 2025 is of great significance to promote the transformation of made in China from big to strong, make made in China include more Chinese creation factors, rely more on Chinese equipment and Chinese brands, and promote the economy to maintain medium and high-speed growth and move towards the medium and high-end level. The meeting emphasized that we should comply with the development trend of interconnection + and focus on the development of a new generation of information technology, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment, general WDW (5) 0 microcomputer controlled electronic universal experimental machine, which is commonly used and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, power equipment, new materials In the ten fields of biomedicine, high-performance medical devices and agricultural machinery and equipment, we should strengthen the basic industrial capacity, improve the process level and product quality, and promote intelligent manufacturing and green manufacturing. Internet + industry will promote the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry and achieve the grand goal of made in China 2025. In the past, when it comes to manufacturing, we have to mention the smile curve. Smile curve is a famous business theory put forward by Shi Zhenrong, the founder of macro group, in 1992. It has been recognized by the industry for its relatively appropriate interpretation of the industrial division of labor in the mode of industrial production, and has become the development philosophy of many enterprises. The smile curve divides an industrial chain into several sections, namely, product research and development, parts production, modular parts production, assembly, sales, after-sales service, etc., in which assembly, that is, production and manufacturing, is always in the low profit link of the industrial chain

therefore, manufacturers in the production and manufacturing sector always constantly pursue the possibility of moving towards both R & D design and brand marketing one day. In the international industrial division system, enterprises in developed countries often occupy the high-end position of the industrial chain such as R & D and after-sales service, while manufacturers in developing countries are squeezed into the production and manufacturing links in low profit areas. Moving towards the high-end position of the industrial chain in the international industrial division system and extending to both ends of the smile curve has become a top-level goal that manufacturers in developing countries can't expect. As shown in Figure 4, in the industrial chain, the added value of production and manufacturing in the middle link is the lowest. In terms of the global industrial chain, although made in China is overwhelming, made in China is mostly a production and manufacturing link in the middle of the smile curve. A lot of labor is invested to obtain the profit that few rubber mix samples should be prepared according to the methods specified in gb/t6038 and relevant rubber material standards. Traditional manufacturing enterprises are characterized by large-scale production and batch sales. Through large-scale production, they provide standardized products and obtain the average profits of the industry. All enterprises share value according to their industrial division positions of R & D and design, production and manufacturing, marketing and services. R & D and design, marketing and service at both ends of the smile curve are relatively profitable areas, and the profit model usually has good sustainability; The production and manufacturing in the middle and bottom of the smile curve can only reluctantly maintain relatively small profits, and due to the low technical content, the entry threshold is also relatively low, resulting in more intense competition and strong substitutability, which further squeeze the profit space. According to the previous thinking, if you want to get rid of the low value-added situation of traditional manufacturing industry, you must extend to the two ends of the smile curve: R & D and service. It is the only way to realize industrial upgrading and develop the surrounding service industry of manufacturing industry through high-tech. From the industrial level, research and design means the development of high-tech industries

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