Made in China should actively deal with the dilemm

2022-08-08
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Made in China should actively deal with the dilemma of "double end extrusion"

made in China should actively deal with the dilemma of "double end extrusion"

China Construction machinery information

a research report recently disclosed by the British financial Times said that in the next 10 years, the change in the nature of the global supply chain will reshape the global trade pattern. In particular, the report points out that given China's dominant position in the global supply chain, the change in the pattern of China's manufacturing industry may have a huge impact on the global manufacturing industry. The observation of foreign media shows that the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is also of far-reaching significance to the restructuring of the global supply chain and value chain

from the perspective of international division of labor, the key to the transformation and development of the manufacturing industry in late developing countries is to solve the problem of how to realize the climb from the low end of the value chain to the middle and high end. Since the reform and opening up, China's manufacturing industry has seized the opportunity brought by globalization and actively integrated into the global division of labor system. The main experimental results of self-sufficiency and microcomputer controlled tensile testing machine are far from surplus. The closed economy of digital self-sufficiency has gradually changed to an open economy that utilizes both domestic and foreign markets and domestic and foreign resources. China's manufacturing industry also shows a trend of rising from the low end of the global value chain to the middle and high end

from the perspective of industrial export structure, the export value of China's mechanical and electrical products and high-tech products in 2013 increased by 7.3% and 9.8% respectively over the same period in 2012, far higher than the growth rate of 5% of the future business value of national industrial exports. With the continuous expansion of the scale of China's domestic market, the gradual formation of the internal division of labor system, the continuous enhancement of technological innovation ability, and the deepening of exchanges and cooperation between China and emerging markets, this provides good conditions and opportunities for China's manufacturing industry to climb to the high end of the global value chain

but in the process of climbing, we will face the high-end squeeze of developed countries and the low-end squeeze of emerging economies at the same time. China's manufacturing industry must build a strong body to cope with the "double end squeeze" pattern. On the one hand, after the international financial crisis, developed countries began to reflect on the "hollowing out of manufacturing industry", have promoted the "Reindustrialization" strategy, and take manufacturing informatization and manufacturing service as the core to formulate various manufacturing development strategies and plans. The United States proposed the "national strategic plan for advanced manufacturing" and Germany proposed "industry 4.0", trying to firmly occupy the high-end manufacturing industry in the "third industrial revolution", forming a high-pressure situation on China's manufacturing industry

on the other hand, the rapidly rising emerging economies will realize the replacement of made in China with relatively low cost advantages. Thailand's manufacturing labor productivity is roughly the same as that of China, but the per capita wage level is significantly lower than that of China; Vietnam, India and Indonesia have lower manufacturing labor productivity and average wages than China. With the economic development of these countries, the regional attractiveness of their manufacturing industry will increase rapidly. This year, multinational companies have also closed factories in Chinese Mainland, such as Microsoft's closure of Nokia's factories in Dongguan and Beijing. On the other hand, some domestic manufacturing enterprises that have been doing OEM for a long time have closed down, such as Suzhou LianJian technology, a well-known parts OEM. To some extent, it reflects the dilemma of "double end extrusion" faced by China's manufacturing industry

in this regard, China's manufacturing industry should do a good job in three aspects. In terms of ideology, we need to realize that this "double end squeeze" pattern is what China, as a large developing country, must face, is the "pain of growth" that a large manufacturing country must experience, and is also the driving force for China to transform from an industrial power to an industrial power. Moreover, the "double end squeeze" pattern cannot be broken in a short time, so we should be prepared for long-term competition in this pattern

in terms of strategy, China needs to have its own national plan for manufacturing development. This plan needs to be overall, systematic, forward-looking, long-term and internationally competitive. Its essence is a national plan to build an industrial power. The great significance of China's new "made in China 2025" lies in whether the size is stable

in terms of measures, according to the national conditions of China, which has become a major manufacturing country, China should firmly grasp the two major industrialization trends of informatization and service-oriented manufacturing in the world today, continue to deepen the reform of system and mechanism from the construction of technological innovation ecosystem, and strive to cultivate and improve the core competence of China's manufacturing industry. Based on the perspective of product architecture, Chinese manufacturing products are now mostly simple modular products, which should be cultivated in the future. 3. According to the scope of utilization, they can be divided into warning tape, carpet tape, electrical tape, protective film tape, winding tape, sealing tape, die-cutting tape and other capabilities to produce complex integrated products. The latter will be the core of a country's manufacturing development in the future, and also the key to a country's long-term stable economic development

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